Chrome Mining in South Africa

Chrome Mining in South Africa

South Africa’s Chrome Production

In 2016, South Africa produced 15.1 million tonnes, which equated to 54% of global production, according to Mining Weekly. In 2017, South Africa delivered half of the world’s production of chrome ore and has the capacity to produce 4.2 million tonnes of ferrochrome a year. South Africa and Zimbabwe hold about 90% of the world's chromite reserves and resources.

Total Mining Projects in SA
Chrome Mining Projects in SA



Early mining of chromite was on a small-scale and was relatively straightforward from outcrops or to shallow depths followed by hand sorting. However, with the increased demand, conventional open-pit mining and mechanical underground mining became necessary. There was sufficient high-grade metallurgical ore to meet demand but with the rapid growth of the stainless and other alloy steel industries, the much larger reserves of the lower-grade, higher iron, ores have had to be exploited.

Glencore-Merafe Chrome Venture, Samancor Chrome, and Hernic Ferrochrome are some of the South African chromite and ferrochrome producing companies. However, the industry has seen a growth in the number of integrated operations, where traditional ore mining companies have integrated into smelting.

Chrome Mining in South Africa *image courtesy of Memor Mining (Pty) Ltd

South Africa has a mature chrome value chain, the socio-economic impact of which includes approximately 20 0000 jobs and about R42 billion in GDP per annum. However, the South African ferrochrome industry is under pressure. China is South Africa’s largest trading partner. However, its capacity to smelt ferrochrome is expected to rise above that of South Africa’s.

Chrome Mining in South Africa
*image courtesy of Memor Mining (Pty) Ltd

The demand for and pricing of ferrochrome are influenced by global economic conditions, exchange rates, the demand for stainless steel, and chromite supply. Although local ferrochrome companies are among the lowest-cost producers in the world, the slump in commodity prices since 2013 has meant that only four of the seven South African ferrochrome producers are currently operational. Sales of ferrochrome to China, the world’s largest importer of South African ferrochrome, are being negatively affected by increased exports of South African chromite, which is enabling the growth of the Chinese ferrochrome industry.

Discover why top mining companies in South Africa rely on Africa Mining IQ to target South Africa's chrome mining projects!

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Chrome Mining Projects in South Africa

Are you looking to target business opportunities with South Africa's chrome producers and global investors? Approximately 170 companies have turned to Africa Mining IQ for its up-to-date mining intelligence, insight into Africa's chrome mining projects and key contact details.

AMIQ has detailed information on South Africa's largest chrome mining projects, including:

  • International Ferro Metal: Ferrochrome Plant (Buffelsfontein, North West province)
  • International Ferro Metal: Sky Chrome Mine (North West Province)
  • Glencore Xstrata: Lion Ferrochrome Smelter Expansion (Mpumalanga)
  • Tata Steel Company: Ferrochrome Smelter (KwaZulu Natal)
  • Samancor: Lwala Open Cast Chome Project (Mpumalanga)
  • Samancor: MooiNooi Tailing Plant (North West Province)
  • Samancor: Tweefontien Development Project (North West Province)

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Africa Mining IQ: Helping you target South Africa’s chrome mining projects

Chrome Mining Companies in South Africa

South Africa holds about 70% of the world’s total chrome reserves. Most of this comes from the Bushveld Igneous Complex ores in the Steelpoort Valley, which produce 75% of the world’s ferrochrome.

These deposits are mined by a number of local and international chrome mining companies. The following mining companies mine chrome in South Africa:

You can get all the in-depth information you need about South Africa’s chrome mining companies, including key contact details, from Africa Mining IQ, Africa’s largest online mining information portal.

Enquire about accessing our online mining project information portal today.


Did you know?

  • In 2021, South Africa exported $1.83 billion in Chromium Ore, making it the largest exporter of Chromium Ore in the world. In the same year, Chromium Ore was the 12th most exported product in South Africa.

  • The main destination of Chromium Ore exports from South Africa are China ($939 million), Mozambique ($579 million), Indonesia ($83 million), India ($49.2 million), and Hong Kong ($34.9 million).

Chrome Mining Projects in South Africa

While South Africa’s mining industry returned to profitability in 2019 despite a number of challenges, manganese, iron ore and chrome are the only commodities that have seen real production growth over the last 15 years. According to the US Geological Survey, South Africa has the world’s largest reserves of manganese and platinum group metals (PGMs).

Some of South Africa’s chrome mining projects include:

Moeijelik Chromite Mining Complex in Limpopo:
Ruighoek Chrome Mine in Rustenburg:
Mecklenburg Mine in Limpopo:


Africa Mining IQ tracks Chrome Projects in SA:







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Investing in Chrome with Africa Mining IQ

Africa Mining IQ is Africa's largest and most extensive online mining intelligence portal. We give you direct access to South Africa's chrome and ferrochrome industry mining projects!

If you’re looking for new opportunities in the South Africa chrome mining industry, AMIQ provides the intelligence you need to invest in mining projects in South Africa. Each project is tracked, analysed and monitored for the duration of its development, from grassroots and pre-feasibility to fully operational and right through to closure.

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